When we talk about computer components, the monitor , keyboard or even the processor or CPU usually comes to mind , but there is an essential element for the images to be displayed correctly on your screen: the graphics card .
In this article I am going to explain to you in a simple way how this important component works , what makes it up and to what extent it is worth investing in it.
What is a graphics card?
A graphics card is a dedicated piece of computer hardware that is designed to generate and output images to a screen .
Graphics cards are typically used in computers where visual elements are important, such as gaming or video editing .
They are also used at workstations for tasks such as 3D modeling and animation .
Another very common use today is its use for mining cryptocurrencies.
How does a graphics card work?
The main job of a graphics card is to convert the data sent by the CPU into images that the user can see and understand.
Graphics cards contain their own processing and memory, which allows them to render images much faster than the CPU alone.
For this reason they are very interesting for video or photography editors.
They connect to the motherboard via a PCI Express slot, and often come with their own cooling solution to prevent them from overheating.
Graphics cards are used to improve the quality of images produced by a computer. By processing image data faster, they can provide better image quality than a computer that relies solely on its CPU.
They can also be used to increase the resolution of images, making them sharper and more detailed.
Components of a graphics card
- GPU : The Graphics Processing Unit is the main chip on the card that does all the work of rendering the images.
- VRAM : It is the video memory used by the GPU to store image data. It is important to have enough VRAM to prevent the GPU from bogging down.
- Cooling solution : It is necessary to prevent the card from overheating
- RAMDAC : Converts digital signals into analog signals to be able to display them on a monitor.
- DVI/HDMI/DisplayPort : These are the ports used to connect the card to a display.
- PCI Express Slot : This is how the card connects to the motherboard.
As you can see, a graphics card is a complex piece of hardware that is responsible for generating images on your computer screen.
Types of graphics cards
There are two main types of graphics cards: dedicated and integrated . Dedicated graphics cards are pieces of hardware that contain their own processing and memory.
Integrated graphics cards are built into the CPU and share memory with system RAM.
Dedicated graphics cards are usually more powerful than integrated ones, also more expensive.
How to choose a graphics card?
When buying a graphics card, it is important to consider the type of monitor that will be used as well as the type of CPU in your computer .
If you are only interested in gaming, a dedicated graphics card is best. However, if you don’t think you’ll be playing a lot of video games or doing other resource-intensive tasks, then an integrated graphics card will suffice and be cheaper.
Once you’ve decided on the type of graphics card you need, the next step is to select a model.
What graphics cards are best for gaming?
There are many different brands of graphics cards on the market, but the dominant ones are Nvidia and AMD.
Nvidia ‘s GeForce line is their main line of video cards for gamers.
AMD ‘s Radeon line is their main line of video cards for gamers.
What graphics cards are most recommended for video editing?
For video editing, it is recommended to get a card with at least 4 GB of RAM. Some of the most popular models for video editing are the Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080 Ti and the AMD Radeon RX Vega 64.